The Hazards of Lead (E.P.A Pamphlet)

On June 1, 1999 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a new rule that requires all "renovators", which includes painting contractors, to distribute an EPA-produced pamphlet to their customers before they begin a job that might involve disturbing lead-based paint. The pamphlet, titled "Protect Your Family From Lead In Your Home" describes the risk of the lead-based paint hazard, how it can affect young children, how lead gets into the body, and some safe approaches to working with it. Painting contractors are required to distribute it to any customer where the job will include disturbing (sanding, scraping, or other activities that disrupt the surface) more than two square feet (2 ft2) of lead-based paint in a house built before 1978.

We have included a copy of the pamphlet produced by the Environmental Protection Agency, for our customers as well as any other interested parties.

PROTECT YOUR FAMILY FROM LEAD IN YOUR HOME

ARE YOU PLANNING TO BUY, RENT, OR RENOVATE A HOME BUILT BEFORE 1978?

Many houses and apartments built before 1978 have paint that contains lead (called lead-based paint). Lead from paint, chips, and dust can pose serious health hazards if not taken care of properly. By 1996, federal law will require that individuals receive certain information before renting, buying, or renovating pre-1978 housing:

  • LANDLORDS will have to disclose known information on lead-based paint hazards before leases take effect. Leases will nclude a federal form about lead-based paint.
  • SELLERS will have to disclose known information on lead-based paint hazards before selling a house. Sales contracts will include a federal form about lead-based paint in the building. Buyers will have up to 10 days to check for lead hazards.
  • RENOVATORS will have to give you this pamphlet before starting work.

If you want more information on these requirements, call the National Lead Information Clearinghouse at 1-800-424-LEAD.

IMPORTANT!!!

Lead From Paint, Dust, and Soil Can Be Dangerous If Not Managed Properly!

  • FACT: Lead exposure can harm young children and babies even before they are born.
  • FACT: Even children that seem healthy can have high levels of lead in their bodies.
  • FACT: People can get lead in their bodies by breathing or swallowing lead dust, or by eating soil or paint chips with lead in them.
  • FACT: People have many options for reducing lead hazards. In most cases, lead-based paint that is in good condition is not a hazard.
  • FACT: Removing lead-based paint improperly can increase the danger to your family.

If you think your home might have lead hazards, read this pamphlet to learn some simple steps to protect your family.

LEAD GETS IN THE BODY IN MANY WAYS

  • 1 out of every 11 children in the United States has dangerous levels of lead in the bloodstream.
  • Even children who appear healthy can have dangerous levels of lead.*

People can get lead in their body if they:

  • Put their hands or other objects covered with lead dust in their mouths.
  • Eat paint chips or soil that contain lead.
  • Breathe in lead dust (especially during renovations that disturb painted surfaces).

Lead is even more dangerous to children than adults because:

  • Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths.
  • These objects can have lead dust on them.
  • Children's growing bodies absorb more lead.
  • Children's brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead.

Lead's Effects

If not detected early, children with high levels of lead in their bodies can suffer from:

  • Damage to the brain and nervous system
  • Behavior and learning problems (such as hyperactivity)
  • Slowed growth
  • Hearing problems
  • Headaches

Lead is also harmful to adults. Adults can suffer from:

  • Difficulties during pregnancy
  • Other reproductive problems (in both men and women)
  • High blood pressure
  • Digestive problems
  • Nerve disorders
  • Memory and concentration problems
  • Muscle and joint pain

Lead affects the body in many ways.

CHECKING YOUR FAMILY FOR LEAD

  • Get your children tested if you think your home has high levels of lead.* A simple blood test can detect high levels of lead. Blood tests are important for:
  • Children who are 6 months to 1 year old (6 months if you live in an older home that might have lead in the paint).
  • Family members that you think might have high levels of lead.
  • If your child is older than 1 year, talk to your doctor about whether your child needs testing.
  • Your doctor or health center can do blood tests. They are inexpensive and sometimes free. Your doctor will explain what the test results mean. Treatment can range from changes in your diet to medication or a hospital stay.

WHERE LEAD-BASED PAINT IS FOUND

  • In general, the older your home, the more likely it has lead-based paint.
  • Many homes built before 1978 have lead-based paint. In 1978, the federal government banned lead-based paint from housing.

Lead can be found:

  • In homes in the city, country, or suburbs.
  • In apartments, single-family homes, and both private and public housing.
  • Inside and outside of the house.
  • In soil around a home. (Soil can pick up lead from exterior paint, or other sources such as past use of leaded gas in cars.)

WHERE LEAD IS LIKELY TO BE A HAZARD

  • Lead from paint chips, which you can see, and lead dust, which you can't always see, can both be serious hazards.
  • Lead-based paint that is in good condition is usually not a hazard.
  • Peeling, chipping, chalking, or cracking lead-based paint is a hazard and needs immediate attention.
  • Lead-based paint may also be a hazard when found on surfaces that children can chew or that get a lot of wear-and-tear. These areas include:
  • Windows and window sills.
  • Doors and door frames.
  • Stairs, railings, and banisters.
  • Porches and fences.

Lead dust can form when lead-based paint is dry scraped, dry sanded, or heated. Dust also forms when painted surfaces bump or rub together. Lead chips and dust can get on surfaces and objects that people touch. Settled lead dust can reenter the air when people vacuum, sweep, or walk through it.

Lead in soil can be a hazard when children play in bare soil or when people bring soil into the house on their shoes. Call your state agency (see below) to find out about soil testing for lead.

CHECKING YOUR HOME FOR LEAD HAZARDS

Just knowing that a home has lead-based paint may not tell you if there is a hazard.

You can get your home checked for lead hazards in one of two ways, or both:

  • A paint inspection tells you the lead content of every painted surface in your home. It won't tell you whether the paint is a hazard or how you should deal with it.
  • A risk assessment tells you if there are any sources of serious lead exposure (such as peeling paint and lead dust). It also tells you what actions to take to address these hazards.
  • Have qualified professionals do the work. The federal government is writing standards for inspectors and risk assessors. Some states might already have standards in place. Call your state agency for help with locating qualified professionals in your area (see below).
  • Trained professionals use a range of methods when checking your home, including:
  • Visual inspection of paint condition and location.
  • Lab tests of paint samples.
  • Surface dust tests.
  • A portable x-ray fluorescence machine.

Home test kits for lead are available, but the federal government is still testing their reliability. These tests should not be the only method used before doing renovations or to assure safety.

WHAT YOU CAN DO NOW TO PROTECT YOUR FAMILY

  • If you suspect that your house has lead hazards, you can take some immediate steps to reduce your family's risk:
  • If you rent, notify your landlord of peeling or chipping paint.
  • Clean up paint chips immediately.
  • Clean floors, window frames, window sills, and other surfaces weekly. Use a mop or sponge with warm water and a general all-purpose cleaner or a cleaner made specifically for lead. REMEMBER: NEVER MIX AMMONIA AND BLEACH PRODUCTS TOGETHER SINCE THEY CAN FORM A DANGEROUS GAS.
  • Thoroughly rinse sponges and mop heads after cleaning dirty or dusty areas.
  • Wash children's hands often, especially before they eat and before nap time and bed time.
  • Keep play areas clean. Wash bottles, pacifiers, toys, and stuffed animals regularly.
  • Keep children from chewing window sills or other painted surfaces.
  • Clean or remove shoes before entering your home to avoid tracking in lead from soil.
  • Make sure children eat nutritious, low-fat meals high in iron and calcium, such as spinach and low-fat dairy products. Children with good diets absorb less lead.

HOW TO SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE LEAD HAZARDS

  • Removing lead improperly can increase the hazard to your family by spreading even more lead dust around the house.
  • Always use a professional who is trained to remove lead hazards safely.

In addition to day-to-day cleaning and good nutrition:

  • You can temporarily reduce lead hazards by taking actions like repairing damaged painted surfaces and planting grass to cover soil with high lead levels. These actions (called "interim controls") are not permanent solutions and will not eliminate all risks of exposure.
  • To permanently remove lead hazards, you must hire a lead "abatement" contractor. Abatement (or permanent hazard elimination) methods include removing, sealing, or enclosing lead-based paint with special materials. Just painting over the hazard with regular paint is not enough.
  • Always hire a person with special training for correcting lead problems--someone who knows how to do this work safely and has the proper equipment to clean up thoroughly. If possible, hire a certified lead abatement contractor. Certified contractors will employ qualified workers and follow strict safety rules as set by their state or by the federal government.

Call your state agency for help with locating qualified contractors in your area and to see if financial assistance is available.

REMODELING OR RENOVATING A HOME WITH LEAD-BASED PAINT

  • If not conducted properly, certain types of renovations can release lead from paint and dust into the air.
  • Take precautions before you begin remodeling or renovations that disturb painted surfaces (such as scraping off paint or tearing out walls):
  • Have the area tested for lead-based paint.
  • Do not use a dry scraper, belt-sander, propane torch, or heat gun to remove lead-based paint. These actions create large amounts of lead dust and fumes. Lead dust can remain in your home long after the work is done.
  • Temporarily move your family (especially children and pregnant women) out of the apartment or house until the work is done and the area is properly cleaned. If you can't move your family, at least completely seal off the work area.
  • Follow other safety measures to reduce lead hazards. You can find out about other safety measures by calling
  • 1-800-424-LEAD. Ask for the brochure "Reducing Lead Hazards When Remodeling Your Home." This brochure explains what to do before, during, and after renovations.
  • If you have already completed renovations or remodeling that could have released lead-based paint or dust, get your young
  • Children tested and follow the steps outlined above in this brochure.

OTHER SOURCES OF LEAD

  • While paint, dust, and soil are the most common lead hazards, other lead sources also exist.
  • Drinking water. Your home might have plumbing with lead or lead solder. Call your local health department or water supplier to find out about testing your water. You cannot see, smell, or taste lead, and boiling your water will not get rid of lead.

If you think your plumbing might have lead in it:

  • Use only cold water for drinking and cooking.
  • Run water for 15 to 30 seconds before drinking it, especially if you have not used your water for a few hours.
  • The job. If you work with lead, you could bring it home on your hands or clothes. Shower and change clothes before coming home. Launder your clothes separately from the rest of your family's.
  • Old painted toys and furniture.
  • Food and liquids stored in lead crystal or lead-glazed pottery or porcelain.
  • Lead smelters or other industries that release lead into the air.
  • Hobbies that use lead, such as making pottery or stained glass, or refinishing furniture.
  • Folk remedies that contain lead, such as "greta" and "azarcon" used to treat an upset stomach.

If you think your home has high levels of lead:

  • Get your young children tested for lead, even if they seem healthy.
  • Wash children's hands, bottles, pacifiers, and toys often.
  • Make sure children eat healthy, low-fat foods.
  • Get your home checked for lead hazards.
  • Regularly clean floors, window sills, and other surfaces.
  • Wipe soil off shoes before entering house.
  • Talk to your landlord about fixing surfaces with peeling or chipping paint.
  • Take precautions to avoid exposure to lead dust when remodeling or renovating (call 1-800-424-LEAD for guidelines). Don't use a belt-sander, propane torch, dry scraper, or dry sandpaper on painted surfaces that may contain lead. Don't try to remove lead-based paint yourself.

FOR MORE INFORMATION

The National Lead Information Center

Call 1-800-LEAD-FYI to learn how to protect children from lead poisoning.

For other information on lead hazards, call the center's clearinghouse at 1-800-424-LEAD. For the hearing impaired, call, TDD 1-800-526-5456 (FAX: 202-659-1192, Internet: [email protected]).

EPA's Safe Drinking Water Hotline Call 1-800-426-4791 for information about lead in drinking water.

Consumer Product Safety Commission Hotline To request information on lead in consumer products, or to report an unsafe consumer product or a product-related injury call 1-800-638-2772. (Internet: [email protected]). For the hearing impaired, call TDD 1-800-638-8270.

EPA Regional Offices

STATE HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCIES

Some cities and states have their own rules for lead-based paint activities. Check with your state agency (listed below) to see if state or local laws apply to you. Most state agencies can also provide information on finding a lead abatement firm in your area, and on possible sources of financial aid for reducing lead hazards.

State/Region Phone Number

Alabama (205) 242-5661

Alaska (907) 465-5152

Arkansas (501) 661-2534

Arizona (602) 542-7307

California (510) 450-2424

Colorado (303) 692-3012

Connecticut (203) 566-5808

Washington, DC (202) 727-9850

Delaware (302) 739-4735

Florida (904) 488-3385

Georgia (404) 657-6514

Hawaii (808) 832-5860

Idaho (208) 332-5544

Illinois (800) 545-2200

Indiana (317) 382-6662

Iowa (800) 972-2026

Kansas (913) 296-0189

Kentucky (502) 564-2154

Louisiana (504) 765-0219

Massachusetts (800) 532-9571

Maryland (410) 631-3859

Maine (207) 287-4311

Michigan (517) 335-8885

Minnesota (612) 627-5498

Mississippi (601) 960-7463

Missouri (314) 526-4911

Montana (406) 444-3671

Nebraska (402) 471-2451

Nevada (702) 687-6615

New Hampshire (603) 271-4507

New Jersey (609) 633-2043

New Mexico (505) 841-8024

New York (800) 458-1158

North Carolina (919) 715-3293

North Dakota (701) 328-5188

Ohio (614) 466-1450

Oklahoma (405) 271-5220

Pennsylvania (717) 782-2884

Rhode Island (401) 277-3424

South Carolina (803) 935-7945

South Dakota (605) 773-3153

Tennessee (615) 741-5683

Texas (512) 834-6600

Utah (801) 536-4000

Vermont (802) 863-7231

Virginia (800) 523-4019

Washington (206) 753-2556

West Virginia (304) 558-2981

Wisconsin (608) 266-5885

Wyoming (307) 777-7391

EPA REGIONAL OFFICES

Your Regional EPA Office can provide further information regarding regulations and lead protection programs.

EPA Regional Offices

Region 1 (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont)

John F. Kennedy Federal Building

One Congress Street

Boston, MA 02203

(617) 565-3420

Region 2 (New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands) Building 5

2890 Woodbridge Avenue

Edison, NJ 08837-3679

(908) 321-6671

Region 3 (Delaware, Washington DC, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia)

841 Chestnut Building

Philadelphia, PA 19107

(215) 597-9800

Region 4 (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee)

61 Alabama St., SW

Atlanta, GA 30303-3104

(404) 562-8956

Region 5 (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin)

77 West Jackson Boulevard

Chicago, IL 60604-3590

(312) 886-6003

Region 6 (Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas) First Interstate Bank Tower

1445 Ross Avenue, 12th Floor, Suite 1200 Dallas, TX 75202-2733

(214) 665-7244

Region 7 (Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska) 726 Minnesota Avenue

Kansas City, KS 66101

(913) 551-7020

Region 8 (Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)

999 18th Street, Suite 500

Denver, CO 80202-2405

(303) 293-1603

Region 9 (Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada) 75 Hawthorne Street

San Francisco, CA 94105

(415) 744-1124

Region 10 (Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Alaska) 1200 Sixth Avenue

Seattle, WA 98101

(206) 553-1200

CPSC REGIONAL OFFICES

Eastern Regional Center

6 World Trade Center

Vesey Street, Room 350

New York, NY 10048

(212) 466-1612

Central Regional Center

230 South Dearborn Street

Room 2944

Chicago, IL 60604-1601

(312) 353-8260

Western Regional Center

600 Harrison Street, Room 245

San Francisco, CA 94107

(415) 744-2966

This document is in the public domain. It may be reproduced by an individual or organization without permission. Information provided in this booklet is based upon current scientific and technical understanding of the issues presented and is reflective of the jurisdictional boundaries established by the statutes governing the co-authoring agencies. Following the advice given will not necessarily provide complete protection in all situations or against all health hazards that can be caused by lead exposure.

Lead Poison Prevention

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Everyone is at risk from lead poisoning. The greatest risk is for children under six because of their small body mass, hand to mouth behavior, developing central nervous systems, and high metabolism.

Homes built before 1978 may contain lead-based paint. If it is deteriorating, it may present a hazard through inhalation or ingestion of paint chips and lead-contaminated dust and soil.

The sale of lead-based paint for residential use has been banned since 1978. Children living in older homes with chipping or peeling paint or in older homes undergoing renovation are at risk. Lead poisoning can cause central nervous system damage, reduced attention span and behavioral problems in children. Pregnant women who are poisoned can transfer lead to a developing fetus. Lead can also harm adults.

If you suspect your child has been lead-poisoned, have a clinic or physician do a blood lead test. At city or county public health clinics, it is usually done at no charge. Pediatricians and other private doctors may be reluctant to order the test. If you have good reason to suspect your child has been lead-poisoned, insist on the test.

Many children with elevated blood lead levels show no symptoms. Possible symptoms include headache, stomachache, behavior disorders, hyperactivity or developmental delay.

If the blood lead level is less than 20 micrograms per deciliter, the usual treatment is special diet and removing the child from contact with lead-based paint hazards. A health provider can recommend appropriate therapy. One treatment is chelation, a medical procedure to remove lead from the body.

Lead Poisoning Prevention Tips

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Preventing Childhood Lead Exposure

  • The U.S. paint and coatings industry, under the leadership of NPCA, is proactive in reducing the risk of lead exposure among all segments of the population.
  • There is no lead in today's household paints, and for the most part, house paints contained little or no lead as early as the late 1950s -- well before the 1978 government ban on using lead in any consumer paints.
  • The industry is also active in educating the public about how to test for lead in the environment and what to do if the source of lead is old lead paint.

LEAD RISK: HOW DOES EXPOSURE OCCUR?

There are a number of sources of lead in the environment. Contrary to common perception, direct ingestion of deteriorated, old lead-based paint -- usually by children chewing on paint chips -- has now been shown to be a rare occurrence and is not the primary source of lead exposure.

Research has also demonstrated a clear link between deteriorated housing and elevated blood-lead levels (BLLs) among residents. Such housing was generally built prior to the 1950s and is most often located in the inner cities. The total number of these housing units is estimated at about one million.

Common household dust is the most frequent pathway to exposure. This is supported by several studies, including a recent finding by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, revealing that lead is most often transmitted to humans by way of dust ingested through normal hand-to-mouth activity. Another HUD study underscored this finding by showing that controlling household dust clearly reduces risk from lead exposure.

Lead in household dust can originate from a variety of sources, including deteriorated, old lead-based paint, and soil and dust "tracked" or "blown" in from outside the residence. Often, outside soil has become contaminated by lead as a result of past usage of leaded gasolines.

Children's BLLs tend to be higher in summer, when they spend more time outdoors and when the ground is not frozen or covered with snow. Dust from outside the home is generally carried inside through opened windows and doors, and on shoes, clothing and household pets. Once in the home, the dust settles on furniture, floors and various household objects.

LEAD RISK: WHERE IS THE U.S. NOW?

A child exposed to high levels of lead may encounter various health effects, including hyperactivity, lethargy, hearing or memory loss, or learning disabilities. Though the severity and permanency of these effects have been subject to scientific debate, the potential for health risks remains.

According to a report released in July, 1998, the percentage of children ages 1 through 5 with elevated blood lead levels has fallen from 88 percent in the late 1970s to just 6 percent today. This phenomal success in reducing children's blood lead levels was reported in America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, a report compiled by eighteen federal agencies. The report documents vital statistics on the nation's 69.5 million children.

Previously, results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), were released in 1994, showing a 78 percent drop in overall blood-lead levels (BLLs) among all Americans between 1976 and 1991, from 12.8 to 2.8 micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood, placing the majority of the population well below the CDC's concern threshold ¾ a level of 10 micrograms ¾ for BLLs. These decreases are due in large part to the virtual elimination of lead use in household plumbing and paint, metal food containers and gasoline, as a result of industry initiatives, government actions and health education efforts.

The NHANES also revealed that certain segments of the population remain at potential risk from lead exposure, particularly poor, often minority children living in urban communities.

In February of 1997, the CDC announced that it was proposing new lead screening guidelines that will specifically target screening efforts at children who live in older homes and children from low-income families -- both populations where lead risks are more prevalent. To read the CDC release: Click Here.

LEAD-SAFE COMMUNITIES: ARE THERE SENSIBLE SOLUTIONS?

Just as science has now shown that chewing on paint chips is not the chief cause of lead exposure, it is also showing that full-scale removal of lead-based paint is not always the most effective or efficient solution.

A recent report from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) confirms that lead-based paint that is well-maintained does not present a hazard and is best left undisturbed. In cases where there is paint deterioration, creating a "lead safe" home, or reducing lead exposure in an affected child, can be accomplished using a number of interim controls and permanent techniques. One option is to use "in-place management." A second is encapsulation.

Although not to be used as a permanent abatement method, in-place management -- a technique comprised of repainting, regular cleaning, dust control and personal hygiene -- has been shown to be a feasible interim approach for protecting children from lead exposure.

One promising permanent abatement technique is a new technology to effectively encapsulate old lead paint in housing. Encapsulation is increasingly being supported by regulatory agencies at the federal and state level, as a technically valid approach to lead abatement. Encapsulation as a form of abatement is particularly encouraging as a more practical and cost-effective alternative to removal.

Full removal of lead-based paint remains a very expensive option -- running as high as an estimated $35,000 per average housing unit -- and should take place only when the old lead paint has significantly deteriorated, or if earlier renovations have left lead-contaminated dust in the home.

When removal is required, it is absolutely essential that a professional contractor trained in proper lead-based paint removal handle the job. When performed by untrained, unskilled contractors, removal can increase risk by creating lead dust and releasing it into the air. Improper removal can also create new lead contamination sites where none previously existed.

Public education is crucial to the success of dust control programs. A 1994 study published in Pediatrics clearly demonstrates the positive impact counseling of parents and children -- providing instruction on sound intervention techniques -- has on reducing blood-lead levels.

HOW IS DUST CONTROL CONDUCTED?

Recommendations regarding dust control -- also known as "in-place management" -- have been compiled by the paint industry under the leadership of NPCA. The practice of in-place management is recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) in regulations or guidelines offered to the public.

The paint industry recommends several steps that emphasize proper cleaning and maintenance of intact lead-based paint, i.e., paint that is not significantly deteriorated (i.e., cracked, peeling, chipped, etc.) These steps are:

  • Remove any contaminated dust with a HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air-filtered) vacuum.
  • Wash walls, floors and trim thoroughly with a solution of lead-specific detergent in water.
  • Repaint with two coats of high-quality paint that will provide a cleanable, durable surface.
  • Institute an ongoing program of maintenance, good housekeeping and careful attention to children's personal hygiene and hand-to-mouth activity.

Copyright ©1999 National Paint & Coatings Association. All rights reserved

The information provided or referred to as part of the NPCA Web Site is believed to be reliable and accurate. However, NPCA cannot warrant any of this information, and cannot assume any liability for actions taken or reliance on any of it.



By use of this page and its links and references, users agree that all information is provided "AS IS," that Williams Professional Painting's link to a site does not, in any way, represent or imply an approval of, or a determination of the quality of that product or service. The links provided herein are maintained by their respective organizations and they are solely responsible for their content. Users agree to hold Williams Professional Painting harmless for any and all damages arising out of use of this service and its links.

Lead In The Home

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Many house paints made before 1960 contain lead as a pigment. This lead is toxic to humans. When the paint deteriorates and as painted windows are opened and closed, paint dust containing lead is released into the home. This paint dust can be inhaled and eaten by the people living in the house. After 1960, paint manufacturers began to replace the lead pigment in paints with other non-toxic materials. It wasn't until 1978 that lead was banned from household paints. It is therefore possible that houses built before 1978 might contain lead paint, and almost certain that houses built before 1960 contain lead paint.

Children under six years of age are especially sensitive to lead poisoning. Lead poisoning causes permanent lowering of intelligence. It also causes behavioral problems such as learning disabilities, sleep disorders, headaches, and behavioral problems. About 1,700,000 childern in the United States have blood lead levels above safe limits, mostly due to lead paint in their homes. Adults may also be affected by high lead levels with headaches, high blood pressure, digestive problems, memory and concentration problems, mood changes, sleep disorders, and muscle and joint pain. It can also cause abnormal development of the child if a pregnant woman is exposed.

Simple Steps To Protect Your Family From Lead Hazards

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If you think your home has high levels of lead:

  • Have your children tested for lead, even if they seem healthy.
  • Wash children's hands, bottles, pacifiers, and toys often.
  • Make sure children eat healthy, low-fat foods.
  • Get your home checked for lead hazards.
  • Regularly clean floors, window sills, and other surfaces.
  • Wipe soil off shoes before entering house.
  • Talk to your landlord about fixing surfaces with peeling or chipping paint.
  • Take precautions to avoid exposure to lead dust when remodeling or renovating (call 1-800-424-LEAD for guidelines).
  • Don't use a belt-sander, propane torch, dry scraper, or dry sandpaper on painted surfaces that may contain lead.
  • Don't try to remove lead-based paint yourself.

LEAD INFORMATION

  • FACT: Lead exposure can harm young children and babies even before they are born.
  • FACT: Even children that seem healthy can have high levels of lead in their bodies.
  • FACT: People can get lead in their bodies by breathing or swallowing lead dust, or by eating soil or paint chips with lead in them.
  • FACT: People have many options for reducing lead hazards.
  • FACT: Removing lead-based paint improperly can increase the danger to your family.

People can get more lead in their bodies if they:

  • Put their hands or objects covered with lead dust in their mouths,
  • Eat paint chips or soil that contains lead, or
  • Breathe in lead dust (especially during renovations that disturb painted surfaces).

Lead is even more dangerous to children than adults because:

  • Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths and these objects can have lead dust on them.
  • Children's growing bodies absorb more lead.
  • Children's developing brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead.

Did you know... ???

  • Many homes built before 1978 have lead-based paint. The federal government banned lead-based paint from housing in 1978. Some states stopped its use even earlier.
  • Lead-based paint that is in good condition is usually not a hazard.
  • Peeling, chipping, chalking, or cracking lead-based paint is a hazard and needs immediate attention.
  • Lead dust can form when lead-based paint is dry scraped, dry sanded or heated. Dust also forms when painted surfaces bump or rub together. Lead chips and dust can get on surfaces and objects that people touch.
  • Settled dust can reenter the air when people vacuum, sweep, or walk through it.
  • Contaminated bare soil can also increase dust lead levels.

If lead is not detected early, children with high levels of lead in their bodies can suffer from:

  • - Damage to the brain and nervous system
  • - Behavior and learning problems (such as hyperactivity)
  • - Slowed growth
  • - Hearing Problems
  • - Headaches

Lead is also harmful to adults. Adults can suffer from:

  • - Difficulties during pregnancy
  • - Other reproductive problems (in both men and women)
  • - High blood pressure
  • - Digestive problems
  • - Nerve disorders
  • - Memory and concentration problems
  • - Muscle and joint pain

Do you have a lead poisoning prevention tip?

For more information , please call the National Lead Information Clearinghouse at

1-800-424-LEAD.

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Have a good day.


E.L

I'll be sure to recommend this company and the services of Rick and Bryan to all of my friends.

I cold called Williams Professional Painting while searching for painters for my new condo in DC to obtain a quote. I was able to promptly talk to Rick Williams on the phone and he was extremely responsive and reasonable. I told him I recently purchased a condo and wanted to repaint everything prior to moving in. He sent an estimator out to my condo. The estimator, Jose, showed up on time and was extremely courteous, even removed his shoes prior to entering my condo. He took measurements of the rooms and recommended different types of paints for the rooms. I discussed with Rick that I needed the job done in two days and he said it wouldn't be a problem. His crew led by foreman Bryan arrived on time and was also extremely courteous and professional. Their #1 priority seems to be getting the job done correctly. Some of my paint colors were rather dark for accent walls and although my contract said 2 coats of paint, Bryan used 3 coats to ensure that the accent walls were painted properly.

Rick's team kept their word and finished my project in 2 days, even though it required bringing in a few extra painters, they still did not lapse their deadline. In the end, I am glad I hired Williams Professional Painting and did not take on this task myself or hire hourly help to assist me to paint. I'll be sure to recommend this company and the services of Rick and Bryan to all of my friends.


A.P

Professional Painting in Springfield, VA

Dear Rick,

Thank you so much for standing behind your company and replacing a door in the back of my garage. Gustavo was very pleasant to work with and seemed to have a good knowledge of what was needed to make my door work and appear as it should.

Thanks,


L.M

Another Satisfied Client in Alexandria, VA

Thanks for a beautiful job. Also for the little extra favors like changing light bulbs in high places, power washing surrounding horizontal surfaces, trimming an overhanging branch & a little extra caulk where it was really needed.


R.L

A Review on a Recent Painting Project

Wanted to send a note of appreciation re my recent painting project. The whole process was seemlessly handled. Mr Williams offered suggestions and promptly provided an estimate. Amy, the receptionist, courteously handled the scheduling of the project, arrival times, and billing questions. Adolberto Ferrafino and Rodrigo arrived as scheduled, and with a minimum of household disruption and mess performed a "face-lift" on my living room. The plaster repair and new paint gave the room a whole new look. I am very pleased, and plan to use Williams for painting projects I may have in the future-perhaps an exterior paint project in the spring. Thanks much.


C.G.

Facebook Review

We use Williams several times a year to keep up with our home. Inside or outside they do a great job. This week was a tough job of wallpaper removal and then prime and paint the master bathroom. Dagoberto and Edwin did a great job and were a pleasure to have around all week.


J.K.

The reason we always turn to Williams Professional Painting first

Bryan spent two days painting and doing repairs in our family room . The door jamb was heavily water damaged and he had to remove the old plaster and rusted metal supports and replace them. He replaced water damaged woodwork and repainted everything. The work was perfect. The jamb looked like new and all the work was neat and clean. In addition, Bryan was friendly and extremely professional. His work easily met the high standards I have come to expect from Willliams. He and the men like him are the reason we always turn to Williams Professional Painting first.


R.S

Thank you for providing us with two highly professional workers.

Dave:

My husband and I would like to tell you how pleased we are with the work that was done by your employers, Juan Maldonado and his co- worker. They were at our house on Wednesday September 23 and Thursday September 24. While here they did carpentry work as well as painting. The end product is truly top of the line. We found Juan and his co- worker to be hard working, pleasant and above all else extremely competent. It will be our pleasure to recommend them to our neighbors, many who saw the Williams truck in front of our house and were curious to know what we were having done, and our many other friends.

Thank you for providing us with two highly professional workers. The result of their work gets an A+.


L.M

A review for our foreman Santos

Santos performed the work at our residence and Mother was quite pleased with his professionalism and quality of work. She is not easy to please, so a compliment from her is especially meaningful.

Thanks to the Williams Team for a professional job !!



C. F.

A Painting Project in Sterling, VA

Hi Rick, everything looks wonderful! Your crew was super nice and clean too! Thanks again for getting me in earlier. I really appreciate it. I'll be giving your name to everyone I know who needs a painter and drywall repair.

Thanks again!


M.L

Williams Professional Painting

Hi Dave and Lisa,

Jennifer and I want to thank you both very much for the great painting job that transformed our house to this century (Jennifer's words:)

Dogberto and Jorge did a a fantastic job with all the wall/ceiling preparation, attention to detail, painting, and daily cleanups.We appreciate all they did for us.


J.G

An Interior Professional Project

Thank you! The work is awesome -- you all did a fabulous job!

Regards,


C.J

The house looks beautiful!

Bob and I are very pleased with the outcome of our painting project. The house looks beautiful. Many of our neighbors have seen your work and have been very impressed. Hopefully some more work will come your way.

We want to give a big thanks to your crew. Lisa was so helpful in the color selections. She also answered many questions on other ideas and always led us int he right direction. Walter and his guys were amazing. They are true professionals and take pride in the work they do. We really appreciated all the time they spent on prepping our walls. They corrected so many of the builder's mistakes. The crown molding that was added really finishes off each room. Give a special thinks to Walter, Carlos, Edwin, Gustavo, and Daniel. Tell the guys that our dog Maisie misses them and Walter can visit her anytime.

We are planning on contacting you again in the Fall to finish off our painting project. That will be the two upstairs guest bedrooms and bath and the garage.


B. and P.

Williams Professional Painting Review

Good morning,

We just wanted to let you know what a wonderful job Carlos and Fidel did on our recent paint job. They were punctual, polite, and very helpful. The outside trim and inside entry look beautiful, and the repairs they made both inside and out are great. Thank you so much to both of them!

Sincerely,



T & J

A Review for JB!

Good Evening!

Yesterday, JB from Williams Professional Painting came over to do a job for me.

He did an excellent job! He started the job on time, was very professional in his attitude, and finished the job in one day.

His work was excellent. My garage door and trim look much better.

Thanks again for the good work!

Take care,



N.W.

An Exterior Painting Project

I had Ricardo, Salas and Cesar plus a couple of other guys work on my son's house. They did an excellent job and worked very hard throughout the project. The foreman(Ricardo, I think) kept me abreast of the progress throughout while I was at the house. The paint job is excellent.

Jose and I did not communicate well during the estimation process. The estimate that I received was not the total amount (excluding additional carpentry work needed) I expected it to be. I was shocked when I saw the final bill. The terms of agreement also showed that I would receive two coats and I did not. I was told that was only true for the pvc boards and door, that the paint was so good in covering that I did not need two coats. When I asked the foreman(Ricardo, I think) about painting the mullions he said they normally do not do those. I told him to call Jose and Jose confirmed that they would be done. So, the job was excellent but the estimation process did not go well. I'm sorry about this because Jose is a very nice guy and I enjoyed working with him, and he was concerned and respectful. I was told that Williams would replace two facial boards that go on the roof area free of cost. Thank you very much.

Overall, what is most important is that you did a great job and treated me respectfully and the job diligently. I hope the same can be said for me.

Please take special note that all the painters on my job worked hard and diligently throughout.

Thank you.


D.L

Interior Residential Painting McLean,VA.

Dave -

Just a note to let you know that Juan Maldonado did a very nice job for us last week. He was easy to have around and communicated well. It was a job made up of many little jobs and that’s sometimes hard to organize, but he did it! He had creative ideas when there were challenges and he always completed the project.

Thanks for getting it all done before the college party here this past Monday.

Happy Father’s Day!

A.B


A.B

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